(Pondicherry Tourism) Pondicherry is the largest city of the Indian union territory of Puducherry. The city of Pondicherry is situated in Puducherry district of the union territory. It is affectionately known as Pondy and has been officially known by the alternative name Puducherry in Tamil (New Town) since 2006. Pondicherry city consists of 42 wards.
The history of the city of Pondicherry is recorded only after the arrival of Dutch, Portuguese, British and French colonialists. By contrast, nearby places such as Arikamedu, Ariyankuppam, Kakayanthoppe, Villianur and Bahur, which were colonised by the French East India Company over a period of time and which later became the union territory of Pondicherry.
A marketplace named Poduke or Poduca is recorded as a Roman trading destination from the mid 1st century. The area was part of the Pallava Kingdom of Kanchipuram in the 4th century. The Cholas of Thanjavur held it from the 10th to 13th centuries, only to be replaced by the Pandya Kingdom in the 13th century. The Vijayanagar Empire took control of almost all of the South of India in the 14th century and maintained control until 1638 when they were supplanted by the Sultan of Bijapur.
The French East India Company established this town as their headquarters in 1674. Five trading posts were established along the south Indian coast between 1668 and 1674. The town was separated by a canal into the French Quarter and the Indian Quarter. The French control remained until 1954 (de jure 1962) when it was incorporated into the Indian Union along with the rest of French India. On 18 October 1954 in a general election involving 178 people in Pondicherry Municipal and Commune Panchayat, 170 people were in favour of independence and eight people voted against. The de-facto transfer of the French India territories from French governance to the Indian union took place on 1 November 1954 and was established as the union territory of Pondicherry. However, the formal de jure transfer of territory agreement between France and India was signed on 16 August 1962.
There is a strong influence of French culture on Pondicherry town, especially in its architecture, a result of the centuries-old relations this place maintained with France.
Today, Pondicherry Tourism is more famous because of its relation with Sri Aurobindo. Sri Aurobindo, the renowned spiritualist selected this peaceful and harmonious place to make his abode in the second decade of 20th century and remained there until his death. Auroville still operates from Pondicherry.
The 4 districts are Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe. Even though the total area is 492 Square KM, the four sub-divisions are not directly connected to each other.Pondicherry Tourism Concern Puducherry and Karaikal are enclaves of Tamil Nadu, Yanam and Mahe are enclaves of Andhra Pradesh and Kerala states respectively.