Tiruchirappalli is situated in central south-eastern India, almost at the geographic center of the state of Tamil Nadu. The Kaveri Delta begins to form 16 kilometers west of the city where the river divides into two streams the Kaveri and the Kollidam to form the island of Srirangam. The topology of Tiruchirappalli is almost flat. A few isolated hillocks rise above the surface, the highest of which is the Rock fort its estimated age of 3,800 million years makes it one of the oldest rocks in the world. Other prominent hillocks include the Golden Rock, Khajamalai and one each at Uyyakondan Thirumalai and Thiruverumbur. The city of Tiruchirappalli lies on the plains between the Shevaroy Hills to the north and the Palani Hills to the south and southwest. Tiruchirappalli is completely surrounded by agricultural fields. Densely populated industrial and residential areas have recently been built in the northern part of the city, and the southern edge also has residential areas. The older part of Tiruchirappalli, within the Rock fort, is unplanned and congested while the adjoining newer sections are better executed. Many of the old houses in Srirangam were constructed according to the Shilpa Sastras, the canonical texts of Hindu temple architecture. Once a part of the Chola kingdom, Tiruchirappalli has a number of exquisitely sculpted temples and fortresses. Most of the temples, including the Rock fort temples, the Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam, the Jambukeswarar Temple at Thiruvanaikkaval, the Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, the Erumbeeswarar Temple, Ukrakaliamman temple in Tennur and the temples in Urayur, are built in the Dravidian style of architecture, the Ranganathaswamy Temple and Jambukeswarar Temple are often counted among the best examples of this style. The rock-cut cave temples of the Rock fort, along with the gateway and the Erumbeeswarar Temple, are listed as monuments of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple or Thiruvarangam is a Hindu temple dedicated to Ranganatha, a reclining form of Hindu deity Vishnu. Constructed in the Tamil style of architecture, this temple is glorified in the Thiviya Pirabandham, the early medieval Tamil literature canon of the Alvar saints from the 6th to 9th centuries AD and is counted among the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu. The temple follows Thenkalai tradition of worship.
Rock Fort Temple Tiruchirappalli Rock fort is a historic fortification and temple complex built on an ancient rock. It is constructed on a 83 meters (272 ft) high rock that may date to over one billion years ago. There are two Hindu temples inside, Ucchi Pillayar Temple, Rock fort and the Thayumanaswami Temple, Rock fort. Other local tourist attractions include the famous Pallava-era Ganesh temple and the Madurai Nayak-era fort.
Jambukeswara Temple is a famous Shiva temple. The temple was built by Kocengannan one of the Early Cholas, around 1,800 years ago. It is located in the Srirangam island, which has the famous Ranganathaswamy temple. Thiruvanaikal is one of the five major Shiva Temples of Tamil Nadu Panchabhoota Sthalams representing the five great elements, this temple represents the element of water, The sanctum of Jambukeswara has an underground water stream and in spite of pumping water out, it is always filled with water.
Ucchi Pillayar Temple is a 7th-century Hindu temple, one dedicated to Lord Ganesh located a top of Rock fort. Legend Says this rock is the place where Lord Ganesh ran from King Vibishana, after establishing the Ranganathaswamy deity in Srirangam. Vibishana, was the younger brother of the Asura King Ravana who ruled Lanka. Lord Rama in the epic of Ramayana rescues his wife Sita, who was kidnapped and held by Ravana, with the help of Sugriva and Hanuman defeated him.
Vekkali Amman Temple is an important pilgrimage centre, and an erstwhile seat of the Cholas. The temple is unique in that the shrine of the presiding deity has no roof. Legend has it that Goddess Vekkali Amman saved the people of Tirchy from sand storm and torrential rain, and told her devotees to not build a roof over her shrine until every person living there had shelter.
Mukkombu is a dam built on the Kaveri River. Mukkombu is a beautiful picnic spot located in the outskirts of Tiruchirappalli in a distance of 18 km from the city. Mukkombu has various tourist attractions such as amusement park, children’s garden, sports facilities, fishing facilities, etc. Thousands of people come here with their family members on weekends to celebrate their holidays.
Anna Science Centre is a planetarium located on the National Highway 210 between Tirchy and Pudukottai adjacent to the Tiruchirapalli Airport. The Anna Science Centre, Tiruchirappalli was established by the Government of Tamil Nadu and was inaugurated on 10 June 1999. School and college-going students from neighbouring districts such as Pudukottai, Thanjavur, Perambalur, Dindigul, Karur and Madurai visit the planetarium.
Brahmapureeswarar Temple here worshippers believe that a person can change his fate by seeking the blessings of Lord Brahma at Sri Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Mythological references recount Lord Brahma’s overwhelming pride as the Creator of the Universe. Lord Brahma felt that He was more prevailing than Lord Shiva, since He had the supremacy of creation. This sense of pride provoked Lord Shiva, who destroyed Lord Brahma’s Fifth Head, and also cursed Him that He would lose His power of creation.
Vayalur Murugan Temple is is around 1200 years old built during the reign of the Cholas. The main deity in the temple is Muruga, it is behind the Moolavar Shiva Sannithy, Agni Theertham also known as Shakthi Theertham. According to legends Chola King came to this spot in search of water to quench his thirst after long hunting. He found a sugar cane with three branches and wanted to squeeze and drink the juice. When he broke it, blood sprang from the Sugarcane and after digging the ground, a Shiva Linga was found. The king built a temple on the spot.
Our Lady of Lourdes Church is located in the city of Tiruchirapalli, the church is decked out in Gallo-Catholic design, from neo-Gothic spires to anguished scenes of crucifixion and martyrdom painted inside. In a note of cross-religious pollination, icons of Virgin Mary are garlanded in flower necklaces. Constructed in the year 1840 AD
Hazrat Nather Vali Darga Nathar Vali (died 1225 CE) was a Sufi saint and among the first Sufis to bring Islam to South India and Sri Lanka. He came to Tirchy in the 11th century, his shrine which according to legend is atop the grave of the three-headed Hindu demon Tiriasuran whom Nathar killed. Even though he was the sultan, he was having no attachment to pleasures of royal life of pomp and splendor right from his early age.
Government Museum at Tiruchirappalli is a heritage centre, It is situated at Rani Mangammal Mahal in Bharathidasansan town, near the super bazaar.The nearest landmark is the famous Rockfort temple. Rani Mangamma Mahal was built by Chokkanatha Nayak, the then ruler of Madurai. It was also known as the Durbar Hall of the Madurai Nayaks when Tiruchirapally was their capital, from 1616 to 1634 and later from 1665 to 1731.
Gunaseelam Vishnu Temple is located on the banks of river Kollidam. A visit temple is believed to be a curative to the mentally challenged people, who are taken to the temple and kept in the temple premises for 48 days. At the end of the 48 days it is believed that their illness is cured by the grace of the presiding deity, Prasanna Venkatachalapathi. The name of the place Gunaseelam derives from “Gunam” (meaning cure) and “Seelam” (meaning place), meaning the place in which illness is cured.
Gneelivaneswarar Temple God Shiva in this temple is called as Gneelivaneswarar. Shiva is in the form Swayambu linga. There are many names for Shiva in this temple like Kathali Vasanthar, Gneelivaneswarar, Paramasambu, Aaraniya Vallaver and Eluthariya Perumal. But the famous and well known name is Gneelivaneswarar. There are many who have worshipped in this temple. Mahavishnu, Indiran, Kamadhenu, Adiseshan, Vayu Bhaghvan, Agni Bhaghvan, Rama piran, Arjuna, Vasishta, Sudhamamunivar, Sapta Rishis, Musukunda Chola, Kaliyugarama Pandiyan, Viyakirasuran, Sivamithiran, Padumakarpan, Sutharman, Ankamithiran are worshipped in this temple